A tornado room is described to provide life safety features because of its design and engineering that adhere to stringent ICC 500 and FEMA P-361 standards, thereby protecting communities from tornadoes running at 100 mph plus winds and the resulting effects like flying debris and other dangers.
It is observed that tornadoes are more common in the United States compared to any other countries. We are also informed that there are four times more tornadoes in the United States than the occurrences of this natural event in the whole of Europe. It is also observed that over the years, not only has the frequency and number of reported tornadoes increased, there is an increased too of its intensity and strength.
The current trend whenever a severe weather event happens, more tornadoes per event and stronger tornadoes with higher winds would also occur. Thus it is observed that there is an increase of devastating costs and tragedies and damage and loss of life would accompany whenever winds of over 200 mph of multiple tornadoes would occur. In answer to these events, the International Code Council and the National Storm Shelter association created the first Standard for the Design and Construction of Storm Shelters and safe rooms. With this move, there is an increased safe rooms in schools, tornado safe rooms and buildings with their designed built-in tornado rooms.
There are several reasons why a building has to have a tornado safe room. It is typical for a house to be built withstanding around 70 mph winds, and note that a tornado with around 70 mph winds would create damage and possible loss of lives, especially if your place or location is prone to hurricanes and tornadoes.
On record is one of the most devastating tornadoes with wind speed at 318 mph, which not only caused damage and safety concerns but also created positive and negative wind pressure, with deadly flying projectiles. With that wind, roofs were lifted off and buildings were separated from their foundations, with flying debris penetrating metals at those speeds.
The many destructions led for associations and agencies to create codes especially on areas that are prone to severe tornadoes and hurricanes, with communities adopting ICC 500 as building code in their areas. Successfully accounted are numerous lives saved in buildings that either have a tornado room or a storm room.
The composition in building a tornado room would be sturdier walls, roof structures and tornado safe room doors. Consequently, the roofs of the building must be able to transfer wind loads to the walls and the walls to the ground or foundation.
Know that there are companies that is famous for the security and design of tornado room. The sleek construction of this firm would allow you to have safe room doors that are hidden above your ceiling thus giving you a more open and airy design.