What Is Regenerative Medicine?
Regenerative medicine is a new scientific and medical order aiming to link a body’s abilities to restore and regenerate functions and the power of stem cells to damaged cells, organs and tissues. You will find the stem cells in various parts of a human’s body tissues such as synovial fluid, menstrual blood, adipose tissue, dental pulp tissue, umbilical cord blood, and bone marrow among others. The stem cells are drawn from the body and allowed to mature into more cell types that have the capacity to treat different disease conditions. Modern medical treatments are slowly moving to the regenerative medicine. Scientists are doing clinical studies and trials daily to improve and enhance the regenerative medicine field.
Treatments of various diseases have been done using stem cells obtained from bone marrow and umbilical cord blood for well over 20 years. Metabolic disorders, blood disorders like anemia and cancers are some conditions among the 80 different conditions that can be treated using the umbilical cord blood. The medical uses of umbilical cord blood has rapidly grown given that 20 years back medics though that this blood would only treat a few diseases.
Stem cells used in regenerative medicine and found in the umbilical cord blood of infants are able to regenerate and renew themselves. Stem cells through the mitosis process are able to separate themselves and become muscle cells, brain cells or simply remain as stem cells. Disorders, trauma or various kinds of diseases can be treated using stem cells. The ability to treat illnesses and disorders through stem cells can be done through regenerative medicine, the transplantation of stem cells.
The regenerative medicine field is comprised of different scientific disciplines like immunology, molecular biology, genetics, and biochemistry. Research and studies being conducted by scientists in this field have come up with three different methods that regenerative medicine can be used such as medical devices, cellular therapies, artificial organs, and tissue engineering.
To conclude, regenerative medicine is where regenerative cells are obtained from a healthy human body and isolated to be later brought into the body. The self-healing ability of a body can be sped up using localized treatments which use growth factors like mesenchymal stem cells, cytokines, and proteins to help injuries on the knees, shoulders, and wrists. Age, disease or injury are some factors that damage tissues and which these growth factors help to treat. Regenerative medicine is least invasive, and most patients have benefited from this kind of treatment given by experts of regenerative treatment. In regenerative medicine the stem cells obtained can be stored in stem banks to wait until a condition requiring stem-cell treatment is identified.